English/Parts of the Sentence/Subjects

English Wikibook (edit)
General: Introduction - Grammar
Parts of speech: Nouns - Verbs - Adjectives - Adverbs - Pronouns - Conjunctions - Prepositions - Interjections
Parts of the sentence: Subjects - Predicates
Word functions: Subjects - Predicates - Direct Objects - Indirect Objects - Objects of the Preposition
Types of sentences: Simple Sentences - Complex Sentences
Types of Phrases: Adjective - Adverb - Noun
Types of Clauses: Adjective - Adverb - Noun
Other English topics: Gerunds - Idiomatic Phrases - Spelling - Vocabulary - Punctuation - Syntax - Appositives - Phonics - Pronunciation

A subject is the main idea of a sentence. It is usually made of a noun or noun phrase. It is what the sentence is about.

  • For example: Phil is tall.
  • "Phil" is the subject of the sentence.
  • "Phil" is a proper noun, the name of a person.

A sentence can also have more than one subject.

  • For example: The man and his wife are moving to New York.
  • This sentence has two subjects.
  • One subject is "the man".
  • The other subject is "his wife".

When a sentence has more than one subject, we call it a compound subject.

You may go back to the description of parts of the sentence or on to the next page about predicates.

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